For Good Eyes Only Licence v0.2
– Version 0.2 –
You may use this licence, including its name, text, summary, icons, logos and banners, according to the CC BY-SA 4.0 licence, provided that, in case you change the licence text, you make its name, summary, icons, logos and banners distinguishable from the original.
The Licensee is allowed to:
re-distribute, modify and use the Licensed Work gratis
commercialise and patent an extensive product which also contains the Licensee’s adaptation
charge user fees for operating the Licensed Work as a service to the general public
collect donations for non-profit purposes in relation to the Licensed Work
choose any custom licence for modifications of and additions to the Licensed Work (weak copyleft)
The Licensee is obliged to:
credit the original author, display licence notice
document changes to the Licensed Work
make the adaptation distinguishable from the Licensed Work
always comply with ethical principles
check the Licensed Work for defects before interaction
preserve the user’s dignity, privacy and data security
The Licensee is not allowed to:
choose a different licence for the Licensed Work
commercialise or patent the Licensed Work or an adaptation as a stand- alone product
behave in unethical ways or have ever been guilty of any inexcusable offences
the Licence does not provide any guarantee, warranty or liability
the Licence may be amended/withdrawn
rights granted once to the Licensee cannot be withdrawn by the Licensor
violations of the terms and conditions result in the loss of the rights granted by the Licence
the penalty for Permanent Termination violations is donating 4% of the total assets (if more than €1 million) / the total annual income (if more than €500,000) or of the annual turnover (if more than €1 million per month) to a charity
the Licensor may make exceptions for logos, icons and the name of the work
any part of the Licence being found invalid shall not affect the Licence’s remainder or the Licensor’s copyright
Unethical behaviour (permanent termination):
infringing upon anyone’s fundamental rights, committing war crimes or abolishing democracy in a state (inexcusable offences); supporting anyone who does any of that; condoning any of that
obstructing emergency aid, bomb disposal, investigative journalism or the prosecution of human rights violations (inexcusable offences)
supporting anyone who’s subject to EU sanctions (inexcusable offence)
producing weapons of mass destruction
carrying out state surveillance, intruding/undermining the user’s privacy or digital security or spreading malware
causing environmental damage (especially climate change)
spreading misinformation, inciting hatred, justifying National Socialism or denying the Holocaust
Unethical behaviour (temporary suspension):
possessing or handling weapons of warfare
undermining the user’s privacy/security, violating the GDPR (regardless of Licensee’s jurisdiction), spreading malware
perpetrating organised fraud
discriminating against users
Conscious of his/her responsibility before God and humankind, impelled by the will to serve the peace of the world, the Licensor, by virtue of his/her authorship rights, has placed his/her work under this For Good Eyes Only Licence.2
The human dignity shall be inviolable. Respecting it is the obligation of all power of the Licensee and the Licensor.3
The Licensee and the Licensor thus profess inviolable and inalienable human rights as the foundation of every human community, of peace and of justice in the world.4
This Licence’s purpose is promoting and supporting a sustainable and dignified world by attaching conditions of justice and morality to the use and re- distribution of the Licensed Work.
This Licence shall be interpreted on a common-sense basis and as a coherent, non-absurd and non-contradictory flow of ideas, thoughts and moral points of view. Definitional gaps shall not be interpreted in a manner inconsistent with the intent and the essence of this Licence. The laws, legal norms, conventions, treaties or court rulings quoted or referred to are to be regarded as an aid to interpretation. This Licence shall be interpreted in British Standard English.
The terms of this Licence only apply where any copyright would be infringed in the hypothetical absence of this Licence. To this Licence the law5 of the Licensee’s jurisdiction, from which the Permission was granted, shall apply. The rights granted to the Licensee under the terms of this Licence only apply to the specific version of the Licensed Work that is licensed under this exact Licence, and not to any past, future or other versions of the Licensed Work.
This Licence is automatically offered to every person and entity subject to its terms and conditions. The Licensee accepts this Licence and agrees to its terms and conditions by taking any action with the Licensed Work that, absent this Licence, would infringe any intellectual property right held by the Licensor.6
The Licensor grants by this License to the Licensee, free of charge, permission to do anything with the Licensed Work, to the extent of the Licensor’s rights under applicable copyright and patent law, that would otherwise infringe
the Licensor’s copyright in the Licensed Work or
any patent claims in the Licensed Work that the Licensor may license or will license,
subject to all of the terms and conditions of this Licence.6
The rights granted once to the Licensee under this Licence remain unaffected by any future changes to the Licence as long as the Licensee fully complies with the terms of this Licence.
Change of licence
The Licensor may modify the licence of past, current and future versions of the Licensed Work at any time. In the event of a licence amendment to past versions or the current version of the Licensed Work, only the new licence adopted by the amendment will apply with respect to those persons or other legal entities who commence use of the Licensed Work subsequent to the effective date of the amendment. They may not invoke the replaced licence.
The Licensee is urged to examine the Licensed Work for any defect prior to any interaction with it. The Licensee’s guilelessness shall not be to the Licensor’s detriment.
The Licensee is allowed
to commercialise his/her adaptation of the Licensed Work if the adaptation is part of an extensive product of him/her,
to patent an extensive product of him/her that contains the Licensed Work in whole or in part and
to place those portions of his/her adaptation of the Licensed Work under a separate licence where he/she is the principal author.
The Licensee is obliged
to make his/her adaptation clearly distinguishable7 from the Licensed Work by
- a) modifying its name, logos and icons to an appropriate extent,
- b) prominently stating any changes, removals and additions,
to protect the digital security and privacy of his/her software adaptation’s users to the best of his/her knowledge and belief and as far as feasible and
to give due credit to the author of the Licensed Work by prominently stating the author’s name or pseudonym as well as a licence notice8 alongside the Licensee’s adaptation and by referring to the source from which the Licensed Work has been taken.
The Licensee is not allowed
to commercialise or patent his/her adaptation of the Licensed Work in any way if it is not part of an extensive product of him/her or
to place those portions of his/her adaptation of the Licensed Work under a separate licence where he/she is not the principal author.
The Licence – in relation to the Licensee – and the rights granted to the Licensee shall permanently terminate forever as soon as the Licensee is guilty of
intentionally or grossly negligently supporting, committing or preparing any acts that are suitable to illegitimately infringe upon any other person’s fundamental rights to a degree not insignificant,9
intentionally or negligently supporting, committing or preparing
- a) genocide,10
- b) crimes against humanity,10
- c) war crimes,10
- d) the waging of a war of aggression,10
- e) the employment of any ostracised methods or means of warfare,
which, for the purposes of this Licence, shall be regarded as an inexcusable offence,
intentionally or grossly negligently supporting, committing or preparing acts that are suitable to impair or abolish the Free Democratic Basic Order of any internationally generally recognised state11,9
intentionally supporting any illegitimate regime,
intentionally and actively producing or contributing to any weapons of mass destruction or any ostracised weapons of warfare,
intentionally and actively supporting, trading with or otherwise interacting in any prohibited manner with any state, organisation, company, person or other entity subject to any sanctions, embargoes or similar prohibitions imposed by the European Union or any of its member states,5,9
intentionally and illegitimately preventing any other persons, in whole or in part, from exercising their civil or political rights, especially by threatening or exercising violence, hostage-taking, extortion or repression, such as imprisonment, fine or any other penalty,9
intentionally preventing any person to a degree not insignificant from rendering emergency assistance to anyone in danger to life or property or from carrying out their legitimate work as
a) a first responder12 or medical personnel13,
b) a military or civilian explosive ordnance disposal agent,
c) a judge, prosecutor, law enforcement officer, fundamental rights observer or any other person whose task is to monitor compliance with fundamental rights or to prosecute or punish violations thereof,
d) a diplomat or peace negotiator of an internationally generally recognised state11 or
e) an investigative journalist,
which, for the purposes of this Licence, shall be regarded as an inexcusable offence,
intentionally enabling, supporting, preparing or carrying out state surveillance,
intentionally and directly contributing to deforestation without weighty, justifying reason,
intentionally or grossly negligently committing ecocide,
intentionally or grossly negligently contributing to extensive, environmentally damaging changes in the earth’s natural climate without weighty, justifying reason,
intentionally or grossly negligently harming the environment in a manner inconsistent with local, state, national or international law5,14
intentionally disseminating or abetting deliberate disinformation to a degree not insignificant,
intentionally and publicly displaying any symbols15 or disseminating any propaganda media of any illegitimate organisation or illegitimate regime,
intentionally and actively supporting any organisation, party, company, media, person or other entity that systematically disseminates any propaganda media of any illegitimate organisation or illegitimate regime or deliberate disinformation to a degree not insignificant,
intentionally and to a degree not insignificant supporting state media16, or intentionally and actively producing or distributing their content,
intentionally inciting hatred,
intentionally and directly supporting or intentionally and actively transmitting the Licensed Work to any organisation, company, person, government, authority, party or other entity after it was guilty of any offences referred to in points 1, 2 or 3 or
intentionally condoning any of the acts referred to in points 1, 2 or 3 in a manner suitable to disturb the public peace, in public, at a gathering or by disseminating any content, or rewarding any such act after it has been committed or attempted17,
commencing with the Licensee’s initial availment of the Permission. As soon as he/she is guilty of any of the above offences, he/she is obliged to immediately and permanently destroy all of his/her copies and adaptations, whether public or non-public, of the Licensed Work and to immediately stop all interaction with the Licensed Work forever. A Permanent Termination may not be lifted by any other provision of this Licence.
The Permission granted under this Licence shall be temporarily suspended as soon as the Licensee is guilty of
intentionally, as well as (a) illegally, (b) illegitimately or (c) without weighty, justifying reason, possessing or handling weapons intended or suitable for warfare,
intentionally undermining the privacy or digital security of the users of his/her adaptation of the Licensed Work, in particular by intentionally creating any backdoors or security vulnerabilities or by fraudulently deceiving with regard to privacy or security promises18,
intentionally making any malware19 or spyware disguised as harmless available to the general public,
intentionally and directly intruding or exploiting any other person’s privacy without his/her permission or in a way that would violate the General Data Protection Regulation5 of the European Union, even if the GDPR would not normally apply in the Licensee’s jurisdiction,
intentionally using any trackers in his/her adaptation of the Licensed Work without the user’s explicit and free permission,
intentionally perpetrating large-scale or organised fraud20 or
intentionally and illegitimately excluding anyone from using the (Licensee’s) adaptation of the Licensed Work,
commencing with the Licensee’s initial availment of the Permission. Once the Licensee has
ceased committing any acts sanctioned under this section,
remedied any potential damage caused,
if required by applicable law, has reported the matter to the authority in charge and,
if it concerns them, has informed the users of his/her adaptation about the incident in a transparent and detailed manner,
the Permission initially granted shall regain effect.21 As long as the Permission is suspended, the Licensee may not publicly distribute his/her adaptation.
Excluded from the Permission of this Licence are
any persons and any other legal entities which have ever been guilty of any inexcusable offences,
any illegitimate regimes, including their leadership, government, legislature, judiciary, authorities and any other state bodies, and
any illegitimate organisations, including their management, officials, representatives, members, employees and any other persons directly associated with the respective organisation.
Acting on orders or instructions or on behalf of others does not exculpate the commission of any acts sanctioned under the “Permanent Termination” or “Temporary Suspension” section.
Whoever intentionally incites, instigates or assists in the perpetration of any act sanctioned under the “Permanent Termination” section shall be deemed equivalent to a perpetrator of any such act.
A commander or superior who intentionally or grossly negligently neglects to prevent his subordinate from committing any offence sanctioned under the “Permanent Termination” section shall be deemed equivalent to a perpetrator of the offence committed by the subordinate.
A person who commits any offence under the “Permanent Termination” or “Temporary Suspension” section in execution of an order or instruction acts without guilt, provided that he/she does not realise that the order or instruction is inadmissible and that its inadmissibility is also not obvious.
If the perpetrator lacks the insight to do wrong at the time of committing the offence, he/she acts without guilt, provided that he/she could not have avoided this mistake.22
A perpetrator acts intentionally
if he/she is aware that the act is sanctioned or could have anticipated this with reasonable effort of mind and
if he/she, by his/her own free choice23, purposefully pursues or, possibly as a lesser evil, at least acquiesces in or recklessly accepts his/her commission of the act.
There is no intent
in an offence if, at the time of committal, the perpetrator had no knowledge of a circumstance that is part of the elements of the offence24 or
in displaying symbols of illegitimate organisations or disseminating state media content or propaganda media, if that serves a legitimate purpose, in particular education and enlightenment, science and research, journalism, encyclopaedic purposes, art, satire or criticism of the subject.
Any failure of the Licensee to act according to the terms and conditions of this Licence is both a breach of the Licence and an infringement of the intellectual property rights of the Licensor6 and results in the immediate termination of this Licence between the Licensor and the Licensee, including all rights granted by the Licence.
For Licence breaches of the “Licensee’s Obligations” and “Licensee’s Prohibitions” sections, the Licence – including all rights granted – shall only be temporarily suspended until such time as the Licensee fully rectifies his/her misconduct.
In the event of a substantial breach of the Licence within the meaning of the “Permanent Termination” section, the Licensee is obliged to make a punitive donation to one or more non-profit organisations or other charitable associations of his/her choice, which are officially recognised as such, are not illegitimate organisations and are primarily dedicated to
the prosecution or reappraisal of human rights violations or
the promotion of fundamental rights; democracy; the Free Democratic Basic Order; data protection; privacy; IT security; Free, open-source or Ethical Software; health care; education; scientific research; environmental protection or investigative journalism.
The punitive donation shall amount to a total of 4%
of his/her total annual income or total assets (depending on which is higher), if the Licensee is an individual and (a) his/her total annual income25 has a value of at least €500,000 or (b) he/she has total assets worth €1 million or more25,
of its total annual turnover, if the Licensee is a company or other for-profit business organisation and the total monthly turnover25 has a value of at least €1 million, or
of its calculated monthly financial resources (based on its total resources25), if the Licensee is a state authority or other state body.
In any other case, no punitive donation is required.
No Liability or Warranty
To the full extent allowed by law, the Licensed Work comes “as is”, without any warranty, express or implied, and the Licensor and any other contributor to the Licensed Work shall not be liable to anyone for any damages or other liability arising from, out of or in connection with the Licensed Work or this Licence, under any kind of legal claim;26 at least in the absence of gross negligence and intent to the detriment of the Licensee.
The Licensee shall hold harmless and indemnify the Licensor (and any other contributor to the Licensed Work) against all losses, damages, liabilities, deficiencies, claims, actions, judgments, settlements, interest, awards, penalties, fines, costs, or expenses of whatever kind, including the Licensor’s reasonable attorneys’ fees, arising out of or relating to the Licensee’s use of the Software;6 at least in the absence of gross negligence and intent to the detriment of the Licensee.
Should any individual provisions of this Licence be deemed invalid or unfeasible or should the Licence be found to be incomplete, the validity and feasibility of the remaining provisions of the Licence and the Licensor’s copyright shall remain unaffected thereby. The ineffective or missing provisions shall be replaced by those effective provisions whose effects come closest to the Licensor’s intention and the essence of this Licence.
The term “Copyright” (or simply “rights”) refers to any legal rights a creator of literary, scientific, artistic, software or other works holds to the respective Licensed Work, including patenting rights. These legal rights include at least those according to the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works5.
The Licensor is the party that has placed the Licensed Work under this Licence by virtue of its copyright.
The Licensee is any person or entity receiving a copy of the Licensed Work.26
Commercialisation is the direct generation of profit from part or all of the Licensed Work or an adaptation thereof, for example by selling or renting the Licensed Work, an adaptation or its licence.
Exempt from this is the collection of donations for charitable or non-profit purposes or of small amounts as well as reasonable user fees to cover (in particular recurring) costs27 incurred by the operation of the Licensed Work (or an adaptation) as a service to the general public.
An adaptation is a partial or complete version of the Licensed Work that is created or re-distributed by the Licensee, possibly also in a modified form.
An extensive product is a collection or combination of at least two individual works that consists predominantly of components other than adaptations of the Licensed Work. The adaptation of the Licensed Work is an addition to the extensive product and is not the main or core function of the extensive work, but at most one of several components.
Support includes the paid or unpaid work for, providing any services to, trading in, financing, supplying any products or goods28 to, publicly protesting for, publicly promoting or publicly advocating for an entity, or any other action the purpose of which is to further the supported entity.
Fundamental rights include at least those rights explicitly or implicitly set forth in
- the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations,5
- the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,5
- the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,5
- the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union5 or
- the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples5.
Ostracised weapons and methods of warfare
Ostracised weapons and methods of warfare include at least those subject to
the Hague Conventions,5
the Geneva Protocol,5
the Biological Weapons Convention,5
the Chemical Weapons Convention,5
the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons,5
the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons,5
the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction5 or
any other comparable international conventions5 that prohibit those weapons or methods of warfare that are cruel or cause unnecessary suffering.
Free Democratic Basic Order
The Free Democratic Basic Order is an order which, to the exclusion of any rule of force and arbitrariness, constitutes a rule of law based on the self-determination of the people according to the will of the respective majority and on freedom and equality. The fundamental principles of this order include at least:
Respect for human rights, especially the right of the personality to life and free development, the sovereignty of the people, the separation of powers, the accountability of the government, the legality of the administration, the independence of the courts, the multi-party principle and equal opportunities for all political parties with the right to form and exercise an opposition in accordance with the constitution.29
A state, its state party, its state party’s youth organisations, government, legislature, executive, judiciary, administration, police, military or intelligence services, or any of its agencies, organisations or other state authorities shall be deemed to be an illegitimate regime
if the state does not maintain a Free Democratic Basic Order,
if the state or one of the aforementioned bodies systematically prevents any persons from exercising their fundamental rights,
if the state or any of the aforementioned bodies systematically commits any inexcusable offences,
if the state is listed as authoritarian in the Economist Intelligence Unit’s “Democracy Index”30,31,
if the state is listed as not free in Freedom House’s “Freedom in the World” report30,32 or
if the state’s score in the Reporters Without Borders “Press Freedom Index” is worse than 40 (based on the 2022 scale)30,33.
Decisive for the assessment of whether a state is an illegitimate regime is not the theoretical, legal situation on paper, but the actual circumstances in real practice.
State surveillance includes the collection, accumulation, storage, processing, analysis or transfer of personal data or any other – at least pseudonymously – identifying information by any state bodies, in particular law enforcement authorities and intelligence services, or on their behalf by organisations, companies, persons or any other entities, provided that there is no sufficient initial suspicion of a criminal offence having been committed by the person concerned or that the surveillance is unlawful, unjustified or disproportionate in its invasiveness.
Trackers are software34 designed to
collect information about a user or mark him/her in such a way that he/she can be almost reliably recognised at a later point in time or across different websites or (digital) services or to
derive identifying data points about a user’s personal preferences, behaviour or other personal characteristics,
without this being immediately imperative and thus justified by the absolute core function of the overall software.
Deforestation is defined as the clearing, burning or destruction of 0.5 or more hectares of trees, that were either planted more than 50 years ago or were not planted by humans or human-made equipment, within a one-year period.6
Environment means the earth, its biosphere, cryosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere, as well as outer space.14
Ecocide means unlawful or wanton35 acts committed with the knowledge that there is a substantial likelihood of severe and widespread36, long-term or irreversible damage, or damage not redressable within a reasonable period of time, to the environment being caused by those acts.14
Incitement of hatred
Whoever, in a manner suitable to disturb the public peace,
incites hatred, violence or arbitrary action against a national, racial, religious or ethnic group, against parts of the population or against an individual on account of his/her membership of one of the aforementioned groups or parts of the population,
attacks the human dignity of others by insulting, maliciously disparaging or defaming one of the aforementioned groups, parts of the population or an individual on account of his/her membership of one of the aforementioned groups or parts of the population,
approves, glorifies or justifies the National Socialist rule of violence and arbitrariness,
approves, denies or trivialises a crime committed under the rule of National Socialism or
disseminates or makes available to the public any content that is subject to any of the preceding points,
is guilty of incitement of hatred.37
Companies, parties or any other organisations are to be deemed illegitimate,
which oppose the Free Democratic Basic Order of any internationally generally recognised state11,
which oppose the principles of the rule of law, democracy, personal liberty or international goodwill,
which systematically commit any inexcusable offences,
whose primary aims include any inexcusable offences or
which have been declared unconstitutional5 by the Federal Constitutional Court of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The exclusion of a person is illegitimate if it is based on a privacy decision38 in the meaning of the GDPR5 or if it is done in an unjust manner, in particular based on characteristics such as gender, “race”, ethnicity, colour of skin, eyes or hair, phenotype, genotype, age, nationality, ancestry, origin, religion, social status, illness or disability.
1 This short summary is neither legal advice nor part of the actual licence, and it is also not legally binding and does not replace the actual licence with all its terms and conditions.
2 cf. Preamble of the Basic Law (Grundgesetz/GG) for the Federal Republic of Germany, https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/englisch_gg/index.html
3 cf. Art. 1 (1) GG
4 cf. Art. 1 (2) GG
5 regardless of whether this would normally apply under the jurisdiction applicable to the Licensee
6 cf. Do No Harm License, https://github.com/raisely/NoHarm/blob/publish/LICENSE.md
7 Exempt from this are verbatim copies of the Licensed Work.
8 meaning the statement that the Licensed Work is licensed under this Licence and the provision of a copy of this Licence
9 which, for the purposes of this Licence, shall be regarded as an inexcusable offence
10 as defined in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court,5 https://www.icc-cpi.int/Publications/Rome-Statute.pdf
11 that is not an illegitimate regime including at least firefighters, paramedics, sea rescue workers, lifeguards and rescue drivers/pilots
13 including at least doctors, medical assistants and nurses
14 cf. Hippocratic License 3.0, https://firstdonoharm.dev/version/3/0/license
15 This also includes flags, insignia, uniform items, slogans and forms of greeting. Equal to these symbols are those that resemble them to the point of confusion. cf. § 86a Criminal Code (Strafgesetzbuch/StGB) of the Federal Republic of Germany, https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/englisch_stgb/englisch_stgb.html#p0927
16 This does not include public service media which are independent of the state in their reporting.
17 cf. § 140 StGB, https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/englisch_stgb/englisch_stgb.html#p1421
18 e.g. false claims about purported no-log policies for VPN services This includes surreptitious crypto-mining without explicit and free user permission.
20 especially through e-mail phishing or spamming
21 provided that the Licensee has not otherwise undertaken any other act which would in turn result in the suspension or termination of the Permission - possibly also under other provisions of this Licence, especially the “Permanent Termination” section
22 cf. § 17 StGB, https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/englisch_stgb/englisch_stgb.html#p0141
23 meaning in the absence of coercion or justifiable or excusable emergency within the meaning of §§ 34, 35 StGB
24 cf. § 16 StGB, https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/englisch_stgb/englisch_stgb.html#p0138 This does not apply if the mistake relates solely to the object of the offence, whereby the actual object of the offence is of equal value to the intended object.
25 at the time of the licence breach
26 cf. The Hippocratic License 2.1, https://firstdonoharm.dev/version/2/1/license
27 such as server rental for an internet service
28 including digital works, such as software, pictures or documents
29 cf. BVerfGE 2, 1 (Ls. 2, 12 f.), https://www.servat.unibe.ch/dfr/bv002001.html
30 and the rating is not older than 8 years
33 cf. https://rsf.org/en/index
34 especially cookies, scripts and methods of digital fingerprinting
35 meaning with reckless disregard for damage which would be clearly excessive in relation to the social and economic benefits anticipated
36 meaning extending beyond a limited geographic area, crossing state boundaries or being suffered by an entire ecosystem or species or a large number of human beings
37 cf. § 130 StGB, https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/englisch_stgb/englisch_stgb.html#p1333
38 such as rejecting analytics tracking